Tuesday, April 22, 2008

The Pro's and Con's of Repeating a Grade*

Well, the list of pro’s and con’s are apparently skewed "slightly" towards the con’s. Where are the pro’s for grade retention?

1. Academic achievement of kids who are retained is poorer than that of peers who are promoted

2. Achievement gains associated with retention fade within two to three years after the grade repeated

3. Kids who are identified as most behind are the ones "most likely harmed by retention"

4. Retention often is associated with increased behavior problems

5. Grade retention has a negative impact on all areas of a child's achievement (reading, math, and language) and socio-emotional adjustment (peer relationships, self-esteem, problem behaviors and attendance)

6. Students who are retained are more likely to drop out of school compared to students who were never retained. In fact, grade retention is one of the most powerful predictors of high school dropout

7. Retained students are more likely to have poorer educational and employment outcomes during late adolescence and early adulthood

8. Retention is more likely to have benign or positive impact when students are not simply held back, but receive specific remediation to address skill and/or behavioral problems and promote achievement and social skills

* Taken from the National Association of School Pyschologist’s (NASP) 2003 “Position Statements on Student Grade Retention”


hopeng said...

I think this more applies to students repeating later grades, not kindergarten... but that's just my thought. I would say it is better to repeat an earlier grade than a later one.
Here is another site to look at to see what other parents have to say/experienced:


Ling said...

i agree. shroom's gonna do great :) thinking of u!

Eileen said...

I don't know if I agree with the list. I think you can find a pro for every con mentioned. I am sure you have made a good decision.

BettyH said...

Dee, you're always doing the right thing if you're doing it out of love. 'Shroom is going to flourish and build up his confidence when things start to come easier. There's no advantage to being the youngest kid in class. Kindergarten should be fun - for you and him.

I agree with the other comments. I think this list applies to older kids in later grades.

Anonymous said...

I was approached by a new first grade teacher who decided that my child did not have the abilities to make it in the second grade. My husband and I decided it was in our childs best intrest to promote her to the next grade level. As a family we would help her succeed in her weaknesses. She is now in the 5th grade receiving A's and B's in her classes. Retaining a student is not always in the child's best intrest. I am working on a research paper for my Master's degree on the Pros and Cons of Retaining Elementary Students. The data states you may see an improvement in the first few years after the student was retained, then a decrease in learning activity. With that stated, every situation is individualy based.